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Guide To Hockey Statistics

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While not as numerous or complex as the statistics in baseball, hockey has its own set of commonly used arithmetic formulas that supposedly give useful insight into the overall on-ice performance of the players. How useful they are varies greatly and is subject to debate.

But in case you're not familiar with the game of hockey or the numbers it produces, continue reading below for a little help.

For further information on specific hockey terms (like what constitutes a minor penalty or the definition of "forechecking"), go here.

Pos
Position
Defines one of the six spots on the ice occupied by the particular player
GP
Games Played
A player is credited with a game played if he steps on the ice for any length of time or serves a penalty.
G
Goals
Awarded to players who last touched the puck on a goal by their team.
A
Assists
Awarded to the last two players who touch the puck before a teammate scores provided no defender plays or possesses the puck in between.
PTS
Points
Credited to a player who records either a goal or an assist.
+/-
Plus-Minus rating
A plus is given to a player who is on the ice when his team scores an even-strength or shorthanded goal, while a minus is given to players on the ice when opponents score in those situations. The difference is the plus-minus rating.
PIM
Penalties in minutes
The total time a player receives for minor, major or misconduct infractions.
SOG
Shots on goal
This refers to the number of times a player has directed the puck directly at the goal. Also refers to the number of shots on goal faced by a goaltender.
S%
Shooting percentage (goals divided by shots)
The number of goals scored as a percentage of shots taken.
PPG
Power-play goal
Goals scored while the other team is playing shorthanded.
SHG
Shorthanded goal
Goals scored when a team is killing off a penalty.
OTG
Overtime goals
Goals scored after regulation time ends in a tie,
GWG
Game-winning goals
Goals that leave a team one goal ahead of the opponent.
GTG
Game-tying goals
The final goal in a tie game. The NHL stopped tracking game-tying goals as of the 2005-06 season.
ENG
Empty-net goals
Goals scored after an opponent pulls the netminder for an extra attacker.
HAT
Hat trick
A hat trick refers to a player getting three goals in a game.
PSG
Penalty-shot goals
Goals scored by a player who is given a free shot on net.
FOW
Faceoffs won
The number of draws won.
FOL
Faceoffs lost
The number of draws lost.
FO%
Faceoff percentage
The number of faceoffs won divided by total faceoffs.
SHFT
Shifts
The number of times a player takes to the ice during the course of a game or season.
TOI
Time on ice
The minutes and seconds a skater plays during a game or season.
PPTOI
Power play time on ice
The minutes and seconds a skater plays while his team is on the power play during a game or season.
SHTOI
Shorthanded time on ice
The minutes and seconds a skater plays while his team is shorthanded during a game or season.
GS
Game starts
The number of contests a goalie begins in net.
W
Wins
The number of victories by a particular goaltender or team.
L
Losses
The number of defeats by a particular goaltender or team.
T
Ties
The number of games where teams or goaltenders allow the same number of goals as their opponent.
OT
Overtime losses
The number of games a goaltender or team loses either in a five-minute overtime period or a shootout.
GA
Goals against
A goaltender's statistic referring to the number of scores he has allowed.
GAA
Goals-against average
Refers to the number of goals allowed per 60 minutes played.
MINS
Minutes
The amount of time a goaltender is in net.
SVS
Saves
Refers to the number of shots on goal stopped by a goaltender.
SV%
Save percentage
Refers to the number of goals allowed per shots faced by a goaltender.
SO
Shutouts
Refers to the number of games in which a goaltender does not allow a goal.
Pen
Penalties
The number of infractions committed by a team or an individual player.
MNR
Minor penalties
Encompasses various infractions which result in a two-minute penalty.
MJR
Major penalties
Encompasses various infractions which result in a five-minute penalty.
Fight
Fighting penalties
Major penalties given for fighting.
MSC
Misconduct penalties
Serious offenses which result in 10-minute penalties
GMSC
Game misconduct penalties
A flagrant rule violation which results in a player being ejected.
Pen/GP
Penalties per game
The average number of penalties taken by a player or team during a game.
PIM/GP
Penalty minutes per game
The average number of penalty minutes received by a player or team during a game.


Courtesy of CBS Sportsline with some changes and corrections by MHH.